Since Time Immemorial
Traditional Culture
After L&C
Contemporary Life
Looking to the Future

Since Time Immemorial

“My grandmother insisted that rocks had names and spirit. She passed on to me her belief that the land is imbued with spirit and unseen hosts. She heard the language of the earth.”

Elizabeth Woody, Wasco/Wyam/Tygh/Tenino/Dine
Many Nations Many Voices museum exhibit
Circle of Tribal Advisors of the Lewis & Clark Bicentennial

Native languages being spoken: Mandan, Lemhi Shoshone, Chinook Jargon

Columbia River; Tsagiglalal (inset) Sunrise on Columbia River, near Maryhill, Wa. Washington State Historical Society, Tacoma. 1943.42.33536
Inset: Tsagiglalal, the guardian of Nihhluidih–Wishram (“She Who Watches”) pictograph, nearby. Photograph, c1910. Northwestern University Library, Edward S. Curtis's “The North American Indian,” 2003 (partial).